基本信息
张海潮  男  博导  中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所
电子邮件: zhanghc@siom.ac.cn
通信地址: 上海市嘉定区清河路390号
邮政编码: 201800
部门/实验室:量光

研究领域

光学(环形物质波导和原子陀螺仪),理论物理(暗能量标量场,第五种力的实验室探测),原子分子物理(原子芯片),光学工程(波导型原子干涉仪及其弱信号探测)。


   目前主要关注暗能量标量场理论研究及其在地面实验室中利用原子干涉仪探测的实验研究。最近在物理学评论D发表长文【Hai-Chao Zhang, Obtaining a scalar fifth force via a symmetry-breaking coupling between the scalar field and matter, Phys. Rev. D 101, 044020 (2020),  DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.101.044020】,提出了一种新的准循环的宇宙学模型。

   宇宙学常数造成的几何引力论和量子场论的概念冲突,一直对基础物理学形成挑战。物理学家利用具有负压特性的标量场来解释暗能量。但是,同物质无耦合的标量场模型面临着Weinberger的不行定理(Weinberg’s no-go theorem)的障碍。科学家试图用耦合于物质的所谓变色龙暗能量模型解决宇宙学常数问题,但又面临变色龙不行定理 (Chameleon  no-go Theorems),也就是说变色龙模型不能解决宇宙学常数问题。

   于是,他提出了标量场和物质的作用势的对称性破缺模型,证明了无论是现今的宇宙加速膨胀和宇宙暴胀都可用一个标量场描述。受到对称性破缺的相互作用势的钉扎,标量场的自作用势在总有效势的极小值点的取值便起到了宇宙学常数作用。因此,解释了暗能量的本质,并应用普朗克2018数据中关于宇宙暴胀势的凹形特征得出宇宙是封闭的结论。

   在满足宇宙学参数的约束下,他得到了物质诱导标量场所产生的第五种力数学表达。只要实验设计恰当就有可能探测第五种力。因此,完善理论模型和从事探测暗能量的力学效应是最近正在从事的研究工作。


招生信息

招生专业
070207-光学
070201-理论物理
070203-原子与分子物理
招生方向
环形物质波导,原子陀螺仪
暗能量力学效应的物质波探测
原子芯片

教育背景

1997-09--2002-06   中山大学物理系/光电材料国家重点实验室   获得理学博士学位
1985-09--1987-01   北京大学物理系   学习理论物理研究生课程
1980-09--1984-07   兰州大学物理系理论物理专业   获得理学学士学位
学历

1997年9月--2002年6月:中山大学物理系/中山大学光电材料和技术国家重点实验室。获理学博士学位。
1980年9月-1984年7月:兰州大学物理系理论物理专业。获学士学位。

学位

理学博士

工作经历

2003年6月-现在:中国科学院上海光机所量子光学重点实验室,课题组长,博士后,副研究员,研究员,博士生导师。
2002年7月-2003年5月:中山大学物理系访问学者。
1987年1月-1997年8月:甘肃电视大学,实验室主任,讲师。
1985年9月-1987年8月:北京大学物理系理论物理研究生课程进修班,访问学者。
1984年7月-1985年8月:甘肃电视大学,教师。

工作简历
2005-07~现在, 中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所, 副研究员、研究员
2003-06~2005-07,中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所, 博士后
2002-06~2003-05,中山大学物理系凝聚态光子实验室, 访问学者
1987-02~1997-08,甘肃广播电视大学, 讲师/实验室主任
1984-07~1985-08,甘肃广播电视大学, 教师

出版信息

1. Hai-Chao Zhang,  Obtaining a scalar fifth force via a symmetry-breaking coupling between the scalar field and matter. PHYSICAL REVIEW D 101, 044020 (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.101.044020.

2.Ling Yun -Long, Wang Chuan, Zhang Hai -Chao, Three wires ring magnetic guide based on Archimedean spirals, Acta Phys. Sin. Vol. 69, No. 10 (2020).
3.Jun Cheng(程俊), Jing-fang Zhang(张敬芳), Xin-ping Xu(许忻平), Hai-chao Zhang(张海潮), and Yu-zhu Wang(王育竹) Direct loading of atoms from a macroscopic quadrupole magnetic trap into a microchip trap, Chin. Phys. B Vol. 26, No. 3 (2017) 033701.

4.Jun Cheng, Xiaolin Li, Jingfang Zhang, Xinping Xu, Xiaojun Jiang, Haichao Zhang and Yuzhu Wang

Miniature Bose–Einstein condensate system design based on a transparent atom chip, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49 (2016) 165301 (5pp).
5. Xiaojun Jiang , Xiaolin Li , Haichao Zhang, and Yuzhu Wang, Smooth Archimedean-spiral ring waveguide for cold atomic gyroscope, CHINESE OPTICS LETTERS, 14(7), 070201(2016).

6. Xiaojun Jiang(蒋小军), Xiaolin Li(李晓林), Haichao Zhang(张海潮), and Yuzhu Wang(王育竹), Demonstration of a cold atom beam splitter on atom chip, Chin. Phys. B Vol. 25, No. 8 (2016) 080311.
7. Xiaojun Jiang(蒋小军), Haichao Zhang(张海潮), and Yuzhu Wang(王育竹), Electromagnetically induced transparency in a Zeeman-sublevels lamda-system of cold 87Rb atoms in free space, Chin. Phys. B, Vol. 25, No. 3 (2016) 034204.

8.Cheng Jun, Zhang Jing-Fang, Xu Xin-Ping, Jiang Xiao-Jun, Li Xiao-Lin, Zhang Hai-Chao, Wang Yu-Zhu, Three wire toroidal magnetic guide based on the vertical leads and ac current modulation, Acta Phys. Sin. Vol. 65, No. 6 (2016) 060302.

9. 程俊, 张敬芳, 许忻平, 陈钰水, 张海潮, 王育竹, High Efficient Quadrupole Magnetic Transport of 87Rb Atoms in a Single Chamber atom chip System,  光学学报, 36(12), 1202001(2016).

10. Han Jing-Shan, Xu Xin-Ping, Zhang Hai-Chao and Wang Yu-Zhu,Optimal transport of cold atoms by modulating the velocity of traps, Chinese Phys. B 22 023702 (2013). 

11. Xu Xin-Ping, Zhang Hai-Chao, Wang Yu-Zhu, A new mini-magnetic lens proposal for converging the clod atoms, ACTA PHYSICA SINICA, 61(22):223701 (2012).
12. Dongyuan Chen, Haichao Zhang, Xinping Xu, Tang Li and Yuzhu Wang,Nonadiabatic Transport of Cold Atoms in a Quadrupole Potential,Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 134103 (2010).
13. Hai-chao Zhang, Peng-fei Zhang, Xin-ping Xu, Feng Cheng, and Yu-zhu Wang, Optimized temperature measurement with time-of-flight method, Optics Communications Volume 282, Issue 16, 15 Pages 3278-3281 (2009).
14. Pengfei Zhang, Haichao Zhang, Xinping Xu and Yuzhu Wang, Cooling induced by parametric resonance in a magnetic quadrupole trap, Chinese Optics Letters,Vol. 6( 2): 87-89 (2008).
15. ZHANG Peng-Fei, ZHANG Hai-Chao, XU Xin-Ping and WANG Yu-Zhu, Monte Carlo Simulation of Cooling Induced by Parametric Resonance, Chinese Physics Letters, Vol. 25 (1): 89-92 (2008).
16. Zhang Hai-Chao, Lin WZ, Wang YZ., Existence of the transverse relaxation time in optically excited semiconductors, CHINESE PHYSICS, Vol. 15 (4): 735-749 (2006).
17. ZHANG Hai-Chao , ZHANG Peng-Fei, XU Xin-Ping, HAN Jiu-Rong and WANG Yu-Zhu,Trapping of Neutral Atoms with a Radio-frequency Field. Chinese Physics Letters, Vol. 22 (1): 83 (2005).
18. Hai-chao Zhang, Wei-zhu Lin, and Yu-zhu Wang, The origin of the transverse relaxation time in optically excited semiconductor quantum wells. Optics Communications, Vol. 245: 271-280 (2005).
19. Jiu-Rong Han, Hai-Chao Zhang, Yu-Zhu Wang, Energy spectrum of ground State and excitation spectrum of quasi-particle for hard-core boson in optical lattices, Communications in Theoretical Physics, Vol. 44 (5): 863-866 (2005).
20. Jiu-Rong Han, Hai-Chao Zhang, Yu-Zhu Wang, Energy spectrum of fermionized bosonic atoms in optical lattices, Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 3, 621-624 (2005).
21. Wang Yi, Hu Zheng-feng, Xu Xin-ping, Zhang Peng-fei, Liu Hua, Zhang Hai-Chao, Zhan Ming-sheng and Wang Yu-Zhu. Bichromatic coherent population trapping under hanle configuration, Chinese Physics Letters, Vol. 21 (12): 2392-2394 (2004).
22. Shou Qian, Zhang Haichao, De Li and Lin Weizhu, The density matrix picture of laser coherent control current. Science in China Series G , Vol. 47 (2) 231-243 (2004).
23. Deng L, Shou Q, Liu YX, Zhang Haichao et al Mechanism of optical polarization dephasing in bulk GaAs and multiple quantum wells, ACTA PHYSICA SINICA Volume: 53 Issue: 2 Pages: 640-645. (2004).
24. Qian Shou, Haichao Zhang,De Li and Weizhu Lin, Effects of Rayleigh scattering in transient nonlinear optical measurements. APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, Vol. 83 (12), 2306- 2308 (2003).
25. Shou Qian, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Interference of Rayleigh scattering and four-wave mixing. ACTA PHSYCA SINICA, Vol. 52 (4) (2003).
26. Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Ultrafast optical dephasing due to unscreened Coulomb scattering in semiconductor. A paper for the 2001 International Conference on Quantum Information and the Eighth Rochester Conference Coherence and Quantum Optics.
27. Haichao Zhang, Li Deng and Weizhu Lin. Ultrafast dephasing of interband transitions in semiconductors. SCIENCE IN CHINA (Series A),Vol. 44 (10), 1340 (2001).
28. Tianshu Lai, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Picosecond Time-resolved CARS studies of ?12 ring-stretching vibration of Ethyl-and propyl-benzenes. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, Vol 44 (4), 41 (2001).
29. Haichao Zhang, Jinhui Wen and Weizhu Lin. Femtosecond Spectroscopy of Heavy Hole Scattering in GaAs. CHINESE JOURNAL OF SEMICONDUCTORS, Vol. 21 (9), 867 (2000).
30. Rui Liao, Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Generation of Sub-10-fs Pules Directly From a KLM Ti: Sapphire Laser. CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN, Vol. 47 (10) (2002).
31. Bing Guo, Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Terahertz Dispersion and Attenuation Characteristics of Optically Excited Coplanar Striplines on LT-GaAs. J. INFARED MILLIMETER WAVES, Vol. 19 (2), 98 (2000).
32. Haichao Zhang, Jinhui Wen and Weizhu Lin. Hole-hole Scattering of Photoexcited Heavy-hole in GaAs. ACTA PHSYCA SINICA, Vol. 49 (6), 1171 (2000).
33. Bing Guo, Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Propagation of Ultrashort Electrical Pulses on Coplanar Striplines. ACTA PHOTONICA SINICA, Vol. 29 (4), 312 (2000).
34. Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Low Pump Power Self-Starting KLM Ti: Sapphire Femtosecond Laser. ACTA SCIENTIARUM NATURALIUM UNIVERSITATIS SUNYASENI, Vol. 39 (3), 133 (2000).
35. Bing Guo, Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Photoconducting Autocorrelation Detection of Femtosecond Electrical Pules. ACTA SCIENTIARUM NATURALIUM UNIVERSITATIS SUNYASENI, Vol. 39 (1), 123 (2000).
36. Bing Guo, Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Femtosecond photoconductive characteristics of LT-GaAs. J. INFARED MILLIMETER WAVES, Vol. 20 (3), 179 (2001).
37. Jinhui Wen, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Ultrafast Carrier Dynamics of Low-temperature-grown GaAs. J. INFARED MILLIMETER WAVES, Vol. 18 (3), 195 (1999).
38. Weizhu Lin and Haichao Zhang. Ultrafast Heavy Hole-Phonon Scattering in Highly n-Doped GaAs. CHINESE PHYSICS LETTERS, Vol. 16 (10), 756 (1999).
39. Haichao Zhang, Chun Huang and Weizhu Lin. Ultrafast Dynamics of Electrons and Holes in Highly n-doped GaAs. ACTA SCIENTIARUM NATURALIUM UNIVERSITATIS SUNYASENI, Vol. 38 (6), 21 (1999).
40. Chun Huang, Haichao Zhang and Weizhu Lin. Femtosecond Heavy-hole Dynamics in n Doped GaAs. ACTA PHOTONICA SINICA, Vol. 28 (5), 397 (1999). 

41. JIANG Xiao-Jun,LI Xiao-Lin, XU Xin-Ping, ZHANG Hai-Chao, WANG Yu-Zhu Archimedean-spiral-based microchip ring waveguide for cold atoms A new type of magnetic ring microtrap, (CHIN. PHYS. LETT. Vol. 32 (2) 020301-1 (2015)) 


发表论文
(1) Obtaining a scalar fifth force via a symmetry-breaking coupling between the scalar field and matter, Phys. Rev. D, 2020, 第 1 作者
(2) 基于阿基米德螺线的三导线环形磁导引, Three wires ring magnetic guide based on Archimedean spirals, 物 理 学 报, 2020, 通讯作者
(3) Direct loading of atoms from a macroscopic quadrupole magnetic trap into a microchip trap, Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 通讯作者
(4) Miniature Bose–Einstein condensate system design based on a transparent atom chip, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 2016, 通讯作者
(5) Smooth Archimedean-spiral ring waveguide for cold atomic gyroscope, CHINESE OPTICS LETTERS, 2016, 通讯作者
(6) Demonstration of a cold atom beam splitter on atom chip, Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 通讯作者
(7) Electromagnetically induced transparency in a Zeeman-sublevels lamda-system of cold 87Rb atoms in free space, Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 第 2 作者
(8) 基于垂直引线和调制电流的三线环形磁导引, Three wire toroidal magnetic guide based on the vertical leads and ac current modulation, 物理学报, 2016, 通讯作者
(9) 单腔原子芯片系统中高效率的四极磁阱转移, High Efficient Quadrupole Magnetic Transport of 87Rb Atoms in a Single Chamber atom chip System, 光学学报, 2016, 通讯作者

科研活动

科研项目: 

1.国家科学挑战专题项目,TZ2018003-3-201,基于物质波干涉的原子芯片陀螺仪机理及实验方法研究,2018/01-2020/02,185万元,已结题,主持;

2.国家自然科学基金委员会,国家青年科学基金,11604348,原子芯片环形物质波导及其相干性研究,2016/11-2020/02,24万元,已结题,参加;

3.国家(863)计划课题,122015AA111101,B150203-****,2015/07-2017/02,80万元,已结题,主持;

4.重点开放实验室自选,52201531111100101,C150239,2015/01-2050/02,2500万元,在研,参加;

5.国家(863)计划课题,12B13021801,B130218-****,2013/07-2016/02,200万元,已结题,主持;

6.国家(863)计划课题,121402331B2001,B140233-****,2012/07-2016/05,80万元,已结题,主持;

7.国家(863)计划课题,12B12020501,B120205-****,2012/07-2014/02,200万元,已结题,主持;

8.国家(863)计划课题,12B11027501,B110275-****,2011/07-2013/02,30万元,已结题,主持;

9.国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,10974210,射频原子波导的实验研究,2009/09-2013/02,42万元,已结题,主持;

10.国家973计划及攀登计划课题,2006CB921202,冷原子系统与离子量子信息列阵存储研究,2006/12-2012/02,160.5万元,已结题,参加;

11.中国科学院重点开放实验室自选项目,量子光学研究,O602231,2006/01-2010/12,300万元,已结题,参加;

12.国家自然科学基金委员会,面上项目,10474105,磁陷阱中冷原子的参量冷却,2005/01-2010/02,26万元,已结题,主持;

13.中国科学院重点开放实验室自选项目,量子光学,O402051,2004/01-2010/02,250万元,已结题,参加;

14.国家自然科学基金委员会,重点项目,10334050,超冷原子和玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚物理性质的研究,2004/01-2008/02,150万元,已结题,参加;

15.国家973计划及攀登计划课题,2001CB309307,冷原子和原子介质中量子信息存储研究,2002/04-2007/12,250万元,已结题,参加。

参与会议
(1)Detecting dark energy with cold atoms   粒子物理前沿问题研讨会    2019-01-21
(2)Could our cold atom experiment be a demonstration of a fifth force due to scalar field?   中国物理学会引力与相对论天体物理分会2018年年会   2018-05-24
(3)超冷原子和暗能量标量场   第16届全国低温物理学术研讨会   2018-04-17
(4)The Scalar Field Explanation to the Slowing and Quickening of a Laser-cooled Atomic Cloud in Resonance Fluorescence Light   2018-04-02
(5)冷原子传感器及其应用   强约束集成微系统物理与技术全国研讨会   2017-12-02
(6)基于冷原子传感器的暗能量标量场探测   西藏大学"多波段,多信使天体物理学"中青年学者研讨会   2017-11-02
(7)基于慢速冷原子束同激光加(减)速的原子系综的相互作用 约束变色龙暗能量的探索   第十七届全国量子光学学术会议   2016-08-06

指导学生

已指导学生

陈东元  硕士研究生  080300-光学工程  

陈钰水  硕士研究生  085202-光学工程  

现指导学生

凌云龙  硕士研究生  080300-光学工程